Bali, Indonesia as a tourism site
Indonesia's tourism industry remains one of the significant components of the Indonesian economy. Tourism numbers have been growing from 5.5 million in 2007 to 7 million in 2010, according to Indonesia Statistics. Moreover, the government has a target of 15 million of tourism numbers in 2017. Indonesia's destination for tourism is a strategic role in Indonesia. Bali is known for its unique culture and beautiful beaches and volcanos. According to data from the Bali Tourism Office, there are 141 tourist destinations spread across eight regencies and one city.
Gunung Agung
Behind its popularity of world tourist destinations, lies an active volcano called Mount Agung (Gunung Agung). Mount Agung is the highest mountain on the island of Bali located in Karangasem district. At the end of 2017, a great mountain release eruption that had an impact on the tourism and economic sector in Bali. With huge numbers of tourists visiting Bali, the existence of the Mount Agung volcano which is one of the active volcano mountains that has the latest eruption activity and the eruption continues to the present. Based on simulation data on the impact of the movement of Mount Agung activities on the Balinese economy made by Bank of Indonesia (BI), there is the potential to lose 1.2 million tourists throughout the fourth quarter of this year. BI also estimates that there will be an economic loss in the amount of Rp2.47 trillion (USD 177 Billions).
Vulnerable area of Gunung Agung
As we are trying to get a better understanding of how far the destruction potential in Mount Agung in the future. Using the data from the Indonesia Geospatial Agency, this is vulnerability area caused by the Mount Agung eruption. There are 3 zones of disaster-prone that categorised by its destruction level: Zone III (Red), Zone II (Orange), and Zone I (Yellow).
Tourism Object
Here are the locations of mostly visited tourism objects in Karangasem district. There are some tourism objects and their surrounding built up areas that will be potentially affected by the volcano eruption.
Evacuation Site
When it comes to disaster risk reduction (DRR), especially to reduce the disaster impacts for human being, we need participative action from the stakeholders ranging from local government, local communities, tourism operators, and the tourists themselves. Time and spots are the keys in succeeding evacuation when disaster happens. Hence, the isochrone visualization were available to help estimate the time needed to access the nearest evacuation post within 20 minutes.